The Ulyanovsk region
The Ulyanovsk region motto: "The Ulyanovsk region is the soul and nation's backbone!" The Ulyanovsk region is «The Aviation Capital of Russia»*
*The Government of the Ulyanovsk region is the official owner of this trademark.
Each territorial entity of the Russian Federation has such national identity attributes as a flag, an emblem and an anthem. The motto of the Ulyanovsk region lends completeness to regional attributes, supplementing and explaining the official emblem.
The motto was chosen in 2012 from among the options sent by the region inhabitants to the regional competition "Motto of the Ulyanovsk Region". The decision was made by means of experts and Internet users' competitive vote, and Egorova Elena was chosen as a winner.
The motto wording is aligned with the historical signature of the XVIII century under the Simbirsk emblem, which is the centerpiece of the Ulyanovsk region emblem. The signature "propped by honor" explained the topped with a crown column, placed on it, and meant readiness of Simbirsk residents to serve their Homeland and supportive character of the region.
The motto «The soul and nation's backbone» gives evidence of the Ulyanovsk region value as the homeland of talented people on whom Russia can always rely.
General information on the Ulyanovsk region
Administrative center: Ulyanovsk
Federal district: the Volga Federal District
Foundation date: January 19, 1943.
On April 20, 1966 by the Decree of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR the Ulyanovsk region was awarded with the Order of Lenin for achievements in the field of national economy development.
Area (thousand sq.km): 37,2
Population (thousand people): 1265,1 (2014)
The Ulyanovsk region is a densely populated area. Population density is 28,9 people per 1 sq.km.
Population composition: the Russians (72.8%), the Tatars (11.4%), the Chuvash (8.3%), the Mordovians (4.4%), the Ukrainians (1.3%), etc.
State language: Russian
Governor: Sergey Morozov
Legislative Assembly Chairman: Boris Zotov
Administrative and territorial structure:
Urban districts - 3
Municipal areas - 21
Urban settlements - 31
Rural settlements - 112.
Climatic and Natural Conditions:
The Ulyanovsk region is located in the center of Middle Volga, on both sides of the Volga. The geographical location makes the region an attractive center for logistics and transport schemes of federal and international level. In the west, it borders on the Penza region and the Republic of Mordovia, in the north - on the Chuvash and Tatarstan Republics, in the east - on the Samara region and in the south - on the Saratov region.
The region is situated in the center of Great Russian Plain, in the Volga`s middle reach catchment. The region includes: the hilled Right Bank (34 territories), located on Volga Upland, and the plain one (14 territories), lying on ancient terraces of the Volga valley. The Kuybyshev Reservoir, formed in 1955 - 1957, separates these two parts. The Ulyanovsk region takes 0,2% of the Russia territory.
The climate is moderately continental, formed under the influence of midlatitudes` continental air, and features moderately cold winter and warm summer. The average January temperature is between -12,5 and -14, the highest attainable temperature in winter is -48. The average temperature in July varies from +18,6 to +20,4, the highest attainable temperature in summer is +41.
The region has an extensive hydrographic network. The total number of rivers, small rivers and streams, flowing in full or partly across the region territory, is 2030, and their total length is 10294 km. Rivers less than 5 km long (77%) prevail, 63 rivers have length from 25 to 100 km, and 6 rivers are more than 100 km long.
The main rivers are the Volga, the Sviyaga, the Surah and the Cheremshan. In the territory of the region, there is the Kuibyshev reservoir with the area of 1878 sq. km, maximum depth of 41 m, average depth of 9 m. The Largest lake is the Belolebyazhe - 217 hectares, the Beloye - 96 hectares, the Kryazh - 56 hectares.
The area is rich with minerals and raw materials. The main natural resources are glass, cement, siliceous and carbonate materials, as well as raw material for coarse ceramics, mineral water.
There are 142 nature reserves of regional significance and 2 federal wildlife sanctuaries within the territory of the Ulyanovsk region.
Among the rare birds and animals species living in the region there are: imperial eagle (also known as Solar Eagle; here is a large population, attracting interest of not only local ornithologists and surrounding Russian regions, but also from neighboring countries and beyond), white-tailed eagle, oyster catcher, gray crane, harrier eagle, brown bear, ermine.
The economy is characterized by a high degree of industrial development; in the GRP structure it is 30%, 22% of which is the manufacturing sector production. The Ulyanovsk region main industry is mechanical engineering (53.2% of the total production volume within the manufacturing sector). The main industries are aircraft construction, car engineering, machine-tool industry, heavy power and transport engineering.
Russia's largest aircraft enterprise is "Aviastar-SP" company, which produces passenger aircraft Tu-204 in different model types. Currently the company is preparing to return to world's largest cargo aircraft An-124-100 "Ruslan" production and to start IL-476 production, which holds great promise in Russian transport airlines development. In 2014 a new MD-90A Il-76 plane was handed over, 39 planes of this kind will be made until year 2020 as part of the Defense Procurement.
JSC "UAZ" is the largest off-road vehicles producer in Eastern Europe. JSC "Ulyanovsk Mechanical Plant" produces the world famous air defense system "Shilka", "Tunguska-M", "Quadrat" and "Buk-M1". JSC "Ulyanovsk motor plant" is one of the automotive engines leading manufacturers.
The second-largest city of the region is Dimitrovgrad, where a nuclear-generated innovation cluster is being established. It includes JSC "RIIAR", a pilot plant equipment with a power unit MTBF-100 and a federal hi-tech center for nuclear medicine construction. It is also planned to establish a radiopharmaceutical plant, a specialized industrial park, as well as to develop a personnel-training system for the cluster development.
In Dimitrovgrad a nuclear reactors research institute works. It is the largest in Europe scientific center in the field of nuclear technology and various problems of nuclear power research.
The region`s peculiarity is its relatively high share in the transport and communications Gross Regional Product - 10.2%. The Ulyanovsk region is a major transportation hub. Air, rail and road communications to all directions pass through it, while the international airlines link the Volga region to Europe, Central Asia, the Middle East and China. In Ulyanovsk, there are two river ports on both banks of the Volga. Ulyanovsk is the only city in the Volga Federal District, which has two airports of "A" class. It allows take-off for all types of aircraft without any weight restrictions.
The share of agriculture in the gross regional product structure is 6.3%. The Ulyanovsk region agriculture index at year-end 2011 was the highest in Russia. The region specializes in diversified agriculture, main areas of which are grain farming (2/3 of acreage is occupied by cereals and legumes) and dairy and beef cattle. The scope of agriculture activities also includes compound feed industry.
The development level of small and medium-sized businesses in the Ulyanovsk region is relatively high. According to the rating compiled by the World Bank and the International Finance Corporation, Ulyanovsk provides the most favorable conditions for conduct of business (out of 30 Russian cities).
Since 2005, the region has been successfully applying an investors` support system. As a result, the investment activities rates in recent years (2005 - 2011) have increased by seven times. Thus, in the last 7 years the region has received more than 276 billion rubles of investment (for comparison, in 1998-2004 it was 38.6 billion rubles). The Ulyanovsk region ranked first in terms of investment growth among the VFD subjects by the year-end 2011. The investment volume in the capital stock for the full range of enterprises has increased in comparison with 2010 by 21% and has amounted to 61.7 billion rubles. The region`s investment portfolio has increased from 25 to 102 investment projects. Currently a number of investment projects has been implemented in the region by such companies as SABMiller, MARS, LLC "Henkel Bautechnik", LLC "Alfa-Bank", "BAW-Phoenix". The region has recently launched several projects: a plant for the paints and varnishes production by Danish company Hempel, a mining and processing plant by German company Quarzwerke, a plant for automotive components production by company "TAKATA-PETRI Rus", a plant on high-accuracy machines production for metal working "Gildemeister AG" (this is the first experience in Russia of foreign technology transfer).
The demographic situation in the region tends to improve. It can be characterized by a birth rate increase (by 1.9% in 2011 compared to 2010) and lower mortality (by 6.3%): the birth number is 10.8 ppm per 1,000 population, while deaths make 14.8 ppm.
Standard of living:
The minimum subsistence level per capita for 2014 amounts to 7346 rubles. For working population it is 7918 rubles, for pensioners - 6210 rubles, and for children - 7309 rubles. The cost of a minimum consumer goods basket is 3199,20 rubles.
The average salary for the region is growing. Following the results of January-May 2012, monthly average wages and salaries paid across the region for the full range of enterprises have amounted to 16076 rubles. In comparison to the relevant period of 2011, salaries have increased by 115.8%. The salaries highest growth rate was registered in hotel and restaurant business, agriculture, hunting and forestry, financial activities.
The number of economically active population in the Ulyanovsk region in June (2013) made 682,3 thousand people. Following the results of 2014, the officially registered unemployment level is 0,43%.
Consolidated budget expenses:
"Education" - 11,05 billion rubles.
"Culture" - 1,08 billion rubles.
"Health care" - 7,9 billion rubles.
"Physical education and sport" - 476,78 million rubles.
Tourism in the Ulyanovsk region has been developing in three main directions: health tourism, historical and cultural tourism, and event tourism.
First, Ulyanovsk is the birthplace of Vladimir Lenin. Here one can find the Lenin memorial - the largest museum dedicated to the outstanding leader`s life. The historic center of the city includes 15 museums belonging to the State Historical and Memorial Reserve-Museum «Homeland of Vladimir Lenin».
Many interregional tourist festivals, such as "The Volga way", "Volga Quest" and others, take place within the territory of the Ulyanovsk region.
One of the main tourist "megaprojects" of the Ulyanovsk region are "Red Route" and "Museum of USSR".
The Ulyanovsk region is also famous for the Museum of Civil Aviation, " Kolobok Manor", "Craft Centre" and the Museum of Paleontology.
In the Ulyanovsk region there are mineral water sources in the village of Undory. There are several health centers: "Dubki", "Sanatorium named after Vladimir Lenin", "Pribrezhniy", "Beliy Yar", where they have developed and now successfully apply specialized programs to treat various diseases by means of unique mineral water with high organic content.In total in 2014 the tourist stream to the Ulyanovsk region made more than 320 thousand people, among them over 10 thousand are foreign tourists